Hardness Rating Scale

The hardness of a wood is determined by the amount of force required to press a .444 inch

 steel ball to half its diameter into the wood. The higher the number, the harder the wood.

 

Persimmon - 2300

Hickory - 1820

Locust - 1700

Honey Locust - 1580

Hard Maple - 1450

White Oak - 1360

Elm - 1320

Ash - 1320

Beech - 1300

Red Oak - 1290

Birch - 1260

Heart Pine - 1225

Soft Maple - 1088

Walnut - 1010

Cherry - 1000

Hackberry - 880

Sycamore - 770

Boxelder - 720

Pine - 690

Sassafras - 630

Cypress - 570

Poplar - 540